The Konghou is an ancient Chinese, plucked string instrument.
It is not of Chinese origin, but was introduced to China from the West
during the Han Dynasty about 2,000 years ago. According to historical
records, it was divided into the horizontal konghou and the vertical
konghou because of difference in shape. The konghou became popular during
the Han, Sui and Tang Dynasties when playing techniques became highly
sophisticated. During the past hundred years, however, this ancient
musical instrument became virtually extinct. A group of music scholars
and instrument craftsmen researched various historical documents, and
in 1980, a new type of konghou was born.